如何学习Grammar(虚拟语气)


如何学习Grammar(虚拟语气)

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  Grammar 语法

  subjective mood

  虚拟语气

  记忆虚拟语气的方法;

  理解1. 表达虚拟语气的句子由条件从句和结果主句构成

  一.与现在事实相反的情况:

  条件句用的结构:

  were 结果主句用的结构 would+原型v.

  记口诀:《过would 原》

  列举:

  1.与现在事实相反列举:

  1. If I were you, I would go th因为欧美外教都是来自以亚博app怎么下载「唯一」登录入口为母语的国家,puying.org因为欧美外教都是来自以亚博app怎么下载「唯一」登录入口为母语的国家,ere by train.

  2. If you were him, you might not go there.

  3.If he had money, he would buy the house.

  汉译:

  1.如果我是你,我会坐火车去那。

  2.你要是他,你可能不会去那。

  3.如果他有钱,他就会买那房子。

  (这些动作实际上是没有发生的。但是说明的是现在情况。)

  

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  2.与过去事实相反的情况:

  条件句的结构:

  had+过去分词 结果主句would have +过去分词

  记口诀《had分,would have分》

  与过去事实相反列举:

  1.If you had come earlier, he would have learned Russian

  2.If they had told her about it earlier, she would have been happy.

  3.She might have visited that village ,if she hadnt been ill.

  1.如果你早些来,他就会学俄语了。

  2.要是他们早些告诉她那件事,她早就会高兴了。

  要是她没有病,他可能已经参观那个村庄了

  (表示的情况没有发生。)

  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

  3.与将来事实可能相反:

  与将来事实可能相反的情况,

  条件句的结构有4种;结果主句用would +动原

  1.动)过去式

  2.were

  3.should+ 动原( 较正式)

  4.were to +动原.(较正式)

  与将来事实可能相反列举:

  *1.If I were you , I would go with them.

  2.If it should snow tomorrow, what would you do?

  汉译:

  1.如果我是你,我会和他们去。

  2.要是明天下雪,你们怎么做?

  

  *1.What would happen ,if you put it on the fire.

  2.If you put them into the box, Something might happen in the minute.

  汉译:

  1.如果你把它放在火上会发生什么?

  2.要是你把他们放在盒子里,会有事情几分钟发生。

  注意:

  1.主语是第一人称时,主句中的would也可改用should。

  2.主句中的would也可用could、might代替。

  翻译句子:

  1. If you were me ,would you go with them?

  2. If I were you, I would finish the work on time.

  3. What would you say to him if you were his brother?

  4. I would buy the sweater if I were ten years younger.

  5. If I were young, I would go to dance.

  6. If they had finished the house, they would have moved into it.

  7. If I had seen the movie, I would have told you about it.

  8. If she had bought that coat, she would have worn it to the party.

  9. How would they do if it were to snow?

  10. What would the teachers say if students were to recite the text well?

  11. If he saw that man ,how would we do?

  ***************

  下列句型中常用虚拟语气:

  Wish但愿,要是…就。表示现在或任何时候都不能实现的愿望。

  1. I wish I were your teacher.(wish后接宾语从句)

  我要是你的老师就好了。

  2. I wish you were as beautiful as Li Hong.

  但愿我和李红一样漂亮。

  3. I wish he visited us more often.

  但愿他经常多来看我们。

  2. if only 但愿,真希望,表示: 要是就好了(引起感叹)

  1. If only I were not so tall. 要是我我长的不那么高就好了。

  2. If only we had more vegetables ,we could cook more dishes.

  要是我们有更多的蔬菜,我们能做多做菜。

  4. If only I were five years younger。

  我们要是再年轻五年就好了。

  3……..as if 仿佛,好像 ,表示:某事是真的一样。

  1. She talked as if she were my good friend.

  她谈话好像她是我的朋友似的。

  2.He looked as if he were in heaven. 他看起来似乎是在天堂里。

  3. He felt as if he were their English teacher.

  他感觉像是我们的亚博app怎么下载「唯一」登录入口老师。

  4.某些词后也会跟虚拟语气:suggest ,insist , demand +宾语从句

  1.I suggest that we should have a birthday party tonight.

  我建议今晚我们应该办个生日聚餐。

  2.She insisted that they should pay more attention to the house.

  她坚持(说)他们应该更加关注这房子。

  **************

  有关虚拟语气的用法简单介绍,更多学习以后在介绍,

  Thank you for listening to me,

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